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the Degree Confluence Project
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Brazil : São Paulo

9.9 km (6.1 miles) NNW of Cunha, São Paulo, Brazil
Approx. altitude: 968 m (3175 ft)
([?] maps: Google MapQuest Multimap world confnav)
Antipode: 23°N 135°E

Accuracy: 2 m (6 ft)
Click on any of the images for the full-sized picture.

#2: View to the South #3: View to the West #4: View to the North #5: View to the East #6: GPS reading #7: Ground Zero #8: The Confluence Hunter #9: Termite hills nearby

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  23°S 45°W (visit #5)  

#1: The Confluence from 15 m distance

(visited by Rainer Mautz and Elionora)

31-Dec-2017 -- This is the 5th out of 11 reports reaching confluence points during our two-week trip through southern Brazil and eastern Paraguay. The story starts at 23°S 46°W and continues from 20°S 44°W. The itinerary and additional pictures can be found here.

After visiting Rio de Janeiro and driving along the Costa Verde, we started on confluence day from the old colonial town Paraty in the morning. When we left the coast, a dangerously steep upwards winding road got us back into the highlands.

Shortly after passing through Cunha, we left the road SP 459 at a distance of 3 km to the confluence point. At a distance of 1.5 km, the track became so rough, that we decided to park the car and walk. At 700 m, we left the track and hiked across meadows along animal paths. One of them was leading exactly to the confluence point, which is quite elevated compared to its surroundings with a nice view to the west.

The confluence is located on a meadow at the edge of a forest. There are a couple termite hills near the confluence point. We hiked the same way back – besides some dogs defending their owners the trip succeeded uneventful.

After the visit we continued driving the rest of the day and spent New Year’s Eve in the very normal town of Ourinhos. All restaurants were closed. The last gas station closed at 9 PM. We spent the turning of the year in our hotel room with canned beer and potato chips.

CP Visit Details:

  • Distance of car parking: 1500 m
  • Time to reach the CP from the road: 25 minutes
  • Time at the CP: 12:32 PM
  • Measured height: 971 m
  • Minimal distance according to GPS: 0 m
  • Position accuracy: 2 m
  • Topography: hilly
  • Vegetation: grass
  • Weather: overcast, 25° C (felt temperature)
  • Given Name: The Termite Hill Confluence

The story continues at 23°S 50°W.


 All pictures
#1: The Confluence from 15 m distance
#2: View to the South
#3: View to the West
#4: View to the North
#5: View to the East
#6: GPS reading
#7: Ground Zero
#8: The Confluence Hunter
#9: Termite hills nearby
ALL: All pictures on one page (broadband access recommended)
  Pending visits
Submitted  Visit date  Name  Success?  Status? 
26-Jul-18  21-Jul-18  José Eduardo Guimarães Medeiros  yes  pending