the Degree Confluence Project

Norway : Vest-Agder

6.7 km (4.2 miles) S of Ytre Flekkerøy (Island), Vest-Agder, Norway
Approx. altitude: 0 m (0 ft)
([?] maps: Google MapQuest OpenStreetMap ConfluenceNavigator)
Antipode: 58°S 172°W

Quality: good

Click on any of the images for the full-sized picture.

#2: the Southernmost tip of Norway #3: GPS #4: Flekkerøy Island #5: Oksøy #6: Map #7: Chief Engineer Volodymyr Kokorev #8: Second Officer Stanislav Shulga

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  58°N 8°E (secondary) 

#1: Norway's Southern coast

(visited by Captain Peter, Volodymyr Kokorev, Volodymyr Sydorenko and Stanislav Shulga)

12-Jul-2002 -- Coming from the Pentland Firth (the channel between Scotland and the Orkney Islands), today we passed the southernmost tip of Norway, Ryvingen Island, and a little bit more in the East there is the confluence 58°N 8°E.

Unfortunately we had not yet plain daylight, so the pictures did not turn out to be very clear.

The confluence is about 7 km South of Flekkerøy Island, and close to Flekkeroy in the East there is the tiny Island of Oksøy, with a lighthouse on it.

The first visitors arrived in Norway already 8000 b. Chr. They were fishermen and hunters and lived in earth huts, later tends in the Finmark, Møre, Trøndelag, on the West and South coast.

The first rock drawings come from about 5000 b. Chr. They show animals, boats and hunters on skis. Between 3000 and 2000 b. Chr. the first men settled and started with agriculture. But in all likelihood they had no contact with neighbouring peoples. From the Bronze Age (1500-500 b. Chr.) come the first grave hills, and 500-0 b. Chr. the production of iron becomes more and more important. In these times they traded already with other European peoples. This fact is proven by coins, arms and glassware found.

In 200 AD the first rune-alphabet, the "Furthark" was introduced. It consisted of 24 letters. The production of iron increases continuously. From 800-1000 they began to colonize Northern England, Scotland, the Isle of Man, the Shetland and Orkney Islands, the Faeroe Islands, Iceland, Greenland, parts of the Normandy, and finally the discover America, about 1000 AD.

In 800, due to several wars between various kings and mere love of adventure the Vikings left their home and the Viking migrations began. They come as far as to the Mediterranean. In 890 Harald Hårfagre ("Harald Finehair") unites Norway under one kingdom. Ireland becomes Norwegian. In 995 king König Olav Tryggvason christianizes the country. Between 1261 and 62 Greenland und Iceland become Norwegian, and in 1266 king Magnus VI. Lagabøter puts an end to a long lasting war with Scotland, selling the Isle of Man and the Hebrides to Scotland. From 1349 to 50 one third of the Norwegians die from plague.

In 1379, due to several marriages Norway gets linked with Sweden and Denmark. These countries will soon be united by Queen Margarethe in the Union of Kalmar. In fact Norway then was nothing else than a province of Denmark. Danish became the official language. In 1536, quite shortly after the Reformation, Norway became Lutherian.

1716-18: The Swedes attack Norway, but when their king Karl XII. was killed in Fredrikshald, they had to withdraw. In 1814 the Peace Treaty of Kiel was signed. Norway forms now a Personal Union with Sweden, which lasted until 1905, when Norway became an independent kingdom. The Danish Prince Karl became King Haakon VII. of Norway.

On April 9th, 1940 Germany attacks Norway, and after nine months the country is occupied. The Norwegian king and the government flee to England. A puppet government was formed by the Germans, under Prime Minister Lundqvist. Lundqvist became an example of the most disgraceful and scandalous kind of collaboration with the enemy, betraying his own people just to please the occupants. Norway remained occupied until 1945, and in 1949 it became a member of the NATO.

In 1970 extensive oil resources were found and made the country the wealthiest of Europe.

The time has come to say good bye to Chief Engineer Volodymyr Kokorev. In three days, upon arrival in Saint Petersburg, he has completed his contract and will leave the ship for his vacation in the Ukraine. This was his last confluence, and he was a valuable confluence companion throughout the last seven months. We visited offshores together in the Baltic Sea, in West Africa, South America, the US, Cuba, the Bahamas, Scotland and Norway together. Farewell, Volodymyr, and hope to see you again aboard my ship!

His place will now be taken by Second Officer Stanislav Shulga. The picture must not lead to the conclusion that he is particularly martial - but one of his duties is the miantenance of the ship's safety and fire fighting equipment, and here he is checking the fire axe.

 All pictures
#1: Norway's Southern coast
#2: the Southernmost tip of Norway
#3: GPS
#4: Flekkerøy Island
#5: Oksøy
#6: Map
#7: Chief Engineer Volodymyr Kokorev
#8: Second Officer Stanislav Shulga
ALL: All pictures on one page
In the Skagerrak, but with a view of land.