15-Jul-2002 -- After so many offshores I believe it is time to submit a point from ashore again.
This time I borrowed a car from a good old friend, a Russian Lada.
From the ship's berth in the suburb of Avtovo in SW St. Petersburg I
the town in its South and took the Highway M-18 (E-105), direction
Murmansk is located 1,344 km North of St. Petersburg, a port of utmost
importance, as it is the only Russian ice-free port throughout the
to the warm Gulf Stream ending up there in the White Sea, on the Arctic
Circle - but of course Murmansk is not the topic of this today's visit.
A 22 km farther East, I took the exit for the A-120 towards North, and
another 6 km I had a first stop at Petrokrepost' (Peter's Fort),
Europe's largest lake, Ladozhskoye Ozero (Lake Ladoga).
At Petrokrepost' there is a recently rebuilt new railway station, and
front of it is a steam locomotive of historic significance.
It is the famous 3M 721-83 of the OKT. ZH. D. (Oktobrskaya Zhelesna
St. Petersburg, in these days still named Leningrad (the Town of Lenin),
during WW II (the Russians do call it "The Great Patriotic War") was
by the German aggressors and succeeded to stronghold this siege
for a full 900 days!!!
And when the German troups were finally forced to withdraw, this
was the one to pull out of Leningrad the first train after this long-
Lets have a look from there to the Southern tip of Lake Ladoga. It's the
Bukhta Petrokrepost' (Petrokrepost' Bay), having an outlet from where
Neva flows to St. Petersburg. Opposite across the Petrokrepost's Bay we
To learn what is important with Schlüsselburg we have to go farther back
into Russian history.
What happened in Russia until 1613, the Russians call "smutnaya vremya"
Russian word "smutnyoe has several meanings, as: uncertain, confused,
misty ..., vremya means: time)
But then, in 1613, Mikhail Romanov became the first Emperor of the
Romanov-Dynasty, wich ended cruelly in 1917 with the execution of the
Tsar (Emperor), Nikolay II. by the Communists.
Hardly any other European imperial dynasty has such a tragic history,
of sins, mistakes and fornication on one side, but hardly any did so
for art and culture, and picture the almost impossible task to rule
huge country! And we must not say that all the Romanovs were either bad
Let me say, as a non-Russian, but quite an expert of Russian history:
were all neither pure angels, nor were they all devils.
Most of them took indeed care for their people, and their care was
a deep faith and their respect for the soul of each individual.
Back to Schlüsselburg:
From 1730 to 1740 Anna Ivanovna (2nd daughter of Tsar Ivan V.) ruled the
country due to non-availabilty of a male successor. She was a pure
snake n additionally extremely vulgar. When she died in 1740, nobody was
really sorry about. Her marriage with Friedrich Wilhelm von Kurland
A three-months old child was left as the only Romanov for the
Ivan, son of Princess Anna and Prince Anton Ulrich von
Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel (so Ivan was the grand-nephew of the former
Empress Anna Ivanovna).
And in October 1740, aged five months, he followed on the throne as Ivan
VI., and in December 1741, in a starry and bitterly cold night, unknown
kidnappers took the baby Ivan out of its small bed. His14th month of
was his last one, too.
They wrapped him in furs and scarfs, and His Majesty the Tsar of Russia
first brought to a fortress on the Baltic Sea and later to Kholmogory
North of Russia. Meanwhile Ivan VI.'s parents were imprisoned as well.
later Empress (Tsaritsa) Elisaveta I. ruled in lieu.
Ivan VI. was finally then transferred to Schlüsselburg. All reports
available today call him only the "nameless prisoner".
In this fortress Ivan grew up in an extremely narrow prison cell, where
could not move himself. He never learned more than to stutter a few
the human language, his mind was in a permanent stupid doze.
Schlüsselburg is a buidling of stone and iron, and Ivan VI. had never
earth, grass, or the sky, he never saw the leaves of the trees changing
their colors in autumn, Ivan did not know that there was still another
world, with people missig him, praying for him and not knowing his
It was prohibited to pronounce his name in public.
But there were courageous men, planning to free him, and when these
became known his guards in Schlüsselburg received immediately the order
kill poor Ivan.
That was 1764, so he had spent 23 years in a cell of this fortress.
He was not buried in St. Petersburg's St. Peter & Paul's Cathedral, but
close to the fortress of Schlüsselburg itself.
The official report about his death mentions:
"an accident with fatal result occurred to the nameless prisoner".
Ivan was the grand-grandson of Tsar Ivan V., and his only "mistake" was
having been the fully legitimate heir of his great-aunt, Empress Anna.
Well, back to the present time, we have still a point to visit.
From Petrokrepost' I drove a little bit farther North, passed the small
of Im. Morozova (this means: Iminye Morozova, "in the name of Morozova",
obviously a former famous family there) and then the map left me in the
Always the same problem ashore:
Unreliable maps, never in what you are looking for, you rely on mere
If our navigational mapps were so poor as those for car drivers are,
the merchant fleet was already run aground and sunk somewhere.
When I reached 60°00' North and 31°03' East, I saw a dirt road in the
vicinity, leading towards West, and that was eactly what I needed.
The dirt road passed several "dachas".
A dacha is a kind of Russian weekend house, their size and style depend
strongly on the wealth of the owner.
The dacha we see here is already something very nice.
Finally I stopped the car about 1 km East of the Confluence, where a
After having crossed the forest with basically no major difficulties I
suddenly been stopped by barbed wire. A glance to my GPS told me 60°00,008'N and 31°00,076'E.
Oh Jeeez, I swore, that's out of the 100-meter-range! What I m doing
But a good Capotain should always think twice:
" ... just a moment, I thought, I am not at the equator, I am on 60°
well, according Pythagoras ... 8 times 1,852 equals roughly 15, and 15
squared gives 225, ... grumble mumble ... 76 times 1,852 equals roughly
the cosine of 60° is 0.5, i.e. 141 divided by two equals 71, ... grumble
mumble, then 71 squared equals roughy 5,000 ...
well, 5,000 plus 225 equals 5,225, and the square root of that equals
roughly 72 metres away from the confluence, and therefore the visit is
Have a closer look to the view to the West.
There is a plate mounted, and certanly it has not been placed by a
Unfortunately it shows the rear side only, but I travel long enough to
Russia to picture exactly what is written on plates within barbed wire
I attach the view to the South as well, not very
from the other directions
My only companion was a butterfly when passing
birch forest, obviously trying to pollinate me, but due to my age my
fertility is already rather limited ;-)